The Importance of the “Short” Rainy Season for Maasai Communities

The Importance of the “Short” Rainy Season for Maasai Communities

The Maasai people are known for their traditional way of life, which is centered around livestock herding. Livestock is not only a source of food and income for Maasai communities but also a cultural symbol of wealth and status.

However, the success of their way of life heavily depends on the weather, especially THIS “short” rainy season.

During this season, the rains provide much-needed water and vegetation for their livestock to graze on. The availability of water and pasture directly impacts the health and well-being of the animals, which in turn, determines the income and food security of the community.

The short rainy season is also a crucial time for Maasai herders to prepare for the dry spell that follows. Share on X

The dry season can last for up to nine months (even more in the recent years) and during this period, water and pasture become scarce. To ensure that their livestock can survive during this period, Maasai herders must take measures during the short rainy season to secure sufficient feed and water for their animals.

As a step to mitigate climate disasters, the following could be adapted

  1. Water harvesting: Pastoralists can construct various water harvesting structures to capture and store rainwater during the rainy season. Examples of these structures include dams, and drinking water – via tanking. 
  2. Rangeland management: By practicing sustainable rangeland management techniques, pastoralists can improve the productivity and resilience of their grazing lands. Techniques such as rotational grazing, paddocking, and rest periods can help to reduce overgrazing and soil erosion, and allow vegetation to regenerate.

  3. Diversification of livelihoods: Pastoralists can diversify their income streams by engaging in alternative livelihood activities such as agroforestry, beekeeping, and ecotourism. This can help to reduce their dependence on livestock and provide additional sources of income during dry spells.

  4. Improving livestock genetics: By breeding their livestock for traits such as drought tolerance and disease resistance, pastoralists can improve the resilience of their herds during dry spells. They can also adopt better herd management practices such as early weaning and culling non-productive animals.

  5. Community-based natural resource management: Pastoralists can work together in community-based natural resource management initiatives to improve the management of common grazing lands, water sources, and forests. This can help to reduce conflicts and ensure the sustainable use of resources

  6. Use of mobile technology: The use of mobile technology, such as SMS alerts and mobile apps, can help pastoralists to access weather forecasts, market information, and veterinary services. This can help them to make informed decisions and respond quickly to changing conditions.
Maasai herders can take is planting grass. Not many had planted grass in the recent drought. By planting grass during the short rainy season, they can ensure a steady supply of feed for their livestock during the dry season. The grass can be stored as hay or silage, which can be fed to the animals when there is no pasture available.
Paddocking is another measure that Maasai herders can take during the short rainy season. Paddocking involves dividing grazing land into smaller paddocks and rotating the livestock between them. This practice helps to prevent overgrazing, which can lead to soil erosion and degradation.
Feedlotting is also an effective measure that Maasai herders can take. Feedlotting involves confining the animals in a feedlot and feeding them with a high-quality diet. This practice helps to ensure that the animals have access to sufficient feed during the dry season when there is no pasture available.

In conclusion, the “short” rainy season is a critical period for Maasai communities. The availability of water and pasture during this period directly impacts the health and wellbeing of their livestock and determines their income and food security. Maasai herders must take measures during this season to prepare for the dry spell that follows, including planting grass, paddocking, and feedlotting. By taking these measures, Maasai communities can ensure a sustainable way of life and build resilience to the impacts of climate change.


Jeremiah Kipainoi is a Communication for Development expert that makes films, transcriptions, podcasts, online strategies, and radio content to end Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Kenya, Somalia, Nigeria, Sierra Leone, Guinea, Guinea Bisau, Mali, The Gambia, Senegal, Mauritania, Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti, Liberia, and tackles climate change through resilience building, and championing for community-led development.